I really don't want to ask a question that will get me temporarily banned.
Am I allowed to ask for reputation? Am I allowed to ask if I can get people to give me some feedback on my posts?
Just to specify directly to your original question:
I Really don´t want to get in trouble for asking a question on this web site that will get me temporarily banned?
I can hardly imagine that any question (assuming that it is on topic) would get you banned. Your question might be down-voted if the readers won't like it, but as long as in general your question is following the "be nice" rule, you don't have to worry about bans.
Am I allowed to ask for reputations
No - you will earn reputation when your questions and answers will be upvoted
am I allowed to ask if I can get people to give me some questions on my posts?
No - If you are an expert on any topic, we will welcome your input, however don't advertise yourself (with a question) as such person, instead post your answer on that topic, whenever they will appear on this website. Please note, that you can add tags that you are interested in to the list of "watched tags".