I'm trying to get all the badges. Can you help me through this journey?
You can't get all the badges; some of them have been retired. Since most badges are (like reputation) earned by asking good questions or providing good answers to them, why don't you start there? You'll see that you'll 'automatically' get badges.
For more information, the background and purpose of badges, check the Help Center. Note that the badges you earn on Arqade Meta are counted separately.